How to Create Compelling Characters for Your Stories


Get to Know Your Characters Before You Start Writing.

To create a character that captures your reader’s attention and serves your story well, you need to know some basic but essential facts about your character.

Whether writing fiction or non-fiction, you want to be creating realistic characters who are fully developed and engaging. As storytellers, we can get lost in the twists and turns of our tale, real or imagined, and lose sight of our characters and what makes them uniquely who they are.


Can you answer these questions about your character?

  • What does your character want? This is why the story exists and what will propel their journey.
  • Why do they want it? Find out what’s motivating them. Drill down and keep asking why.
  • What’s in their way, either externally (in the world around them) or internally (in their psyche)? There need to be obstacles in the way, creating conflict and tension. Internally, they need to question themselves, their goals, and their motivation.
  • What happens if they do or don’t succeed in achieving their goal? In creating original characters, It’s important to know how the outcome might affect your character and, therefore, the story.

This information may change as your story unfolds, and that’s okay, but it’s a good foundation to have at the start. Now, you want to know your characters better—really know who they are.


How you go about creating characters for a story varies from writer to writer and depends greatly on your personality.


Do you like to have everything in order before starting a project and have your characters fully mapped out in your head before you start writing? Or, are you happy to have a loose idea of who your characters are and let them unfold as you write?

Whether your style errs on the side of orderly or loose, chances are you will run into similar challenges along the way. If you are the orderly type, you must watch out for adhering too rigidly to outlines or lists of character traits. Yes, it’s helpful to have lists and outlines, but you need to hold them lightly and allow your characters to evolve organically, which they will if you let them.

Conversely, if you’re fascinated by how a character can take on a life of their own, and they will, you still need some organization. You need to keep your characters straight and maintain the continuity of each character’s traits and development.


How do you go about creating characters in a story who are robust and well-rounded?

It goes without saying that your characters need a solid backstory, especially when creating characters in fiction; however, as the author and creator, you need to know your characters more deeply than your readers.

Some writers spend a great deal of time creating a character profile for their main characters that might include a timeline, a history of significant events that shaped them, and a psychological profile. As the story progresses, this information guides the writer, and the characters interact and react to people and events in a cohesive manner.

If creating character profiles as you create your characters is not your style, that’s fine. Still, you need to know your character well for them to appear three-dimensional on the page and, most notably, to engage your readers.

At the very least, see if you can answer the following questions about your character(s).


Questions to consider while creating character profiles.

Status and money:
Marital status:
Sexual history:
Character flaws:
Favorite foods:
Astrological sign:

Now that you’ve read through the list, you may think that some questions are irrelevant to your story or who your character is in the story, and the last one on the list might seem downright silly, but I encourage you to try it. Go over the list a couple of times and let the answers flow, even if they are surprising. Editing comes later.


Think of your character as an iceberg.

The tip we see above the water is your character on the page, and the part hidden beneath the water is all that informs you when you shape your character.

You may not use all or even many of the details you discovered from the list above, but they will make you think more deeply about your characters as you look at them through a different lens. Doing this will give your character a new dimension, even if you aren’t actually including the specific details in your story.

Now that you have your iceberg, know that things will change. As your story evolves and direction changes, your characters will need to change and adapt accordingly, and the information/answers on your list may need to be revised. Make sure to keep your character profiles up-to-date, and they will serve you well in maintaining cohesion.

Okay, now it’s time to get to know your character even better.


More questions to consider when you create a character.

Does your character have a habit, annoying or otherwise?
What is the motive behind their main quest?
Reputation? With friends, family, in the community?
What do the other characters say about them?
Do they act differently with different people?
What talents do they have?
What virtues do they exhibit regularly?
What did they learn from each parent, good or bad?
Unusual or unexpected twists in their character?
Tastes, preferences?
Drinking habits, drug use, now and before?
What memories or responses do smells evoke? Other senses?
How are they with money?
What is their house/home environment like?
Are they neat or messy?
What do the insides of their drawers look like? Closets?
Watch them when no one else is there. What do they do?
What is their sexual history?
What do they wear to bed?
What is your character’s most annoying habit?
Do they have a nervous tic?
What is their favorite food?
Favorite color?
What did they learn from their mother?
From their father?
What talents do they have?
Do they like to travel?
What is their education?
What do they do for a living?
Do they like children?
What is their favorite holiday?
What do they wear when they want to be comfortable?
Do they have any siblings?
How does your character feel about silence?
What does your character do when they are angry?
What is the most amazing thing your character has ever heard? Said?
If your character were an animal, what animal would they be?
What is your character’s fondest childhood memory?
Does your character have a recurring dream?
What type of music does your character like?
What type of clothing/shoes do they prefer?

I know it’s on the list, but don’t forget to open your characters’ drawers— you might just be surprised.

Remember, as your characters develop, keep an open mind, follow the inspiration, and explore all avenues. You never know what delight is around the next corner.

Have fun, and let me know how it goes.

Follow me on social:

Share this post: 


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

I’m Kathryn Kay, the founder of A Writer Within. I offer support and inspiration to women writers through one-on-one coaching, editing services, and week-long retreats in Tuscany. My focus is on getting writers into the creative flow, beyond their internal critic, and their very best stories onto the page. If you have a writer within, let’s set her free!

Subscribe to my Newsletter

in Just 10 Minutes a Day

Ready to unleash your writer within….but not sure how?

This series contains everything you need to kickstart your writing.

“After reading Kathryn Kay’s lovely debut, I had the best kind of cry. What a beautiful, emotional novel. I loved the way she writes about love, necessary secrets, and the dark unknowability of another person, no matter how close. She writes so well about the vulnerability of strong women, the complexity of long friendship, the ways mothers and daughters protect each other, and sweet, tender forgiveness.”
– Luanne Rice, New York Times bestselling author

40 Question For Creating Compelling Characters

Want to create more interesting characters?

This free gift contains everything you need to start creating compelling characters your readers will remember forever!

Subscribe to A Writer Within

Sign up today to get the Free Resource:
“40 Questions For Creating Compelling Characters” and receive news and more: