(Interview Continued)

... I do remember seeing the transvestites in the doorways, as I described them the night Sarah and Thomas take Marina for a walk, but I didn’t know any personally. The list goes on and on. As in any fiction, there are bits and pieces of me, my experiences, the people I know, mixed in with the fantasy. Just to set the record straight, I was not seduced by my best friend’s husband nor did I have his baby. In fact, it was something I worried about regularly while I was writing the book—what if readers, especially people who know me, imagine I did these terrible things.

Q. The relationships between the female characters in the novel are quite complex. Can you say something about that?
A. Yes, I think relationships between woman can be quite complex and I found that I had to be careful not to go off in too many directions since I had not only the central relationship between Marina and Sarah but also the lesbian relationship of Lydia and June, their relationship with Marina, and the question of her sexual preference, and then there was Sarah’s deep friendship with Marco/Marcella the transvestite.
The original inspiration for Marina falling in love with Sarah came from a story that a good friend of mine (an older woman), once related to me. She told me that when her children were young she’d had a good friend, someone she’d known for years, a woman with whom she’d raised her children, who one day confessed that she had “feelings” for my friend and wondered if there was any possibility of a more intimate relationship. My friend did not share these feelings and, while not offended, their friendship was never the same. I qualify that she was older only to point out that woman having crushes on or falling in love with their female friends is not peculiar to contemporary generations. The more I delved into this subject with women the more I realized how common it is and how little it is spoken about, and so I wanted to bring it out into the light and see what would happen. It’s a very particular type of relationship, it’s not about becoming a lesbian, it’s about straight women and what they do with these feelings. I created the lesbian relationship between Lydia and June to better help Marina (and the reader) understand her own sexual orientation. What can I say? It’s a complex topic with amorphous boundaries.

Q. The other major relationship, of course, is between Marina and her daughter, Zoe. I understand that you were a single parent who raised a daughter. How much did that inform your characters?
A. Although, my daughter did have a relationship with her father whom she saw regularly, I raised her predominantly on my own and with very little financial support. She and I had (and still have) a lovely and very close relationship but I did not hide behind it the way Marina did to avoid intimate relationships. Certainly, the love and emotion Marina feels toward Zoe are informed by the feelings I have for my daughter, and I can imagine the fear she feels when Zoe runs away and the terror at the thought that she may have lost her daughter’s love. I know other women who are single parents and I’m sure bits and pieces of them have crept into Marina’s story.

Q. Many, if not most of the characters in your book are artists or creative in some way, is that because it’s set in Florence or is there another reason?
A. Florence does lend itself to art—that goes without saying—but my life has always been filled with creative people. My father, who was a businessman, was very creative and could paint and draw and make just about anything you might imagine, and was a good storyteller, too. There are six children in my family and every one of us is artistic in some way.
When I lived in Florence, most everyone I knew was an artist of some sort and I continue to be surrounded by creative people today.

Q. Your main character, Marina, struggles with forgiveness. Is this a concept you chose to explore for a reason?
A. Actually, I was well into writing the book before I realized that forgiveness had become a predominant theme. The concept of forgiveness is something I’m curious about. Intellectually, I understand the theory that if we do not forgive the injustice that is done to us, we are the one who suffers, not the person to whom we direct our silent rage, but it’s a concept I struggle with in spite of having had some modest success in that arena. Once I realized the theme was there I began to work with it on various levels with each character. It makes sense to me that Marina might be able to find a way to forgive herself for her transgressions against Sarah but perhaps more difficult to forgive herself for hurting her daughter. I could imagine Zoe forgiving her mother but perhaps only as a means to survive. After all, she’s only fifteen and Marina is the only parent she has. Although, I couldn’t imagine how Sarah might find a way to forgive Marina, it’s not beyond the realm of possibility and I chose to leave that in the reader’s hands.

Q. Was there a particular, specific inspiration for writing this book?
A. There were a number, including the topics we’ve already touched on but I also wanted to explore what happens when a good person makes a bad mistake. When I started writing this book I wanted to create a sympathetic character who did something so bad it was unforgivable…and, yet, was it? In Marina, I created a character who made a terrible mistake when she was very young and then chose, out of fear and naïveté, to cover it up. Very quickly, it took on a life of its own and before she knew it she’d built a life on a foundation of lies. The thing is, she’s not a bad person but how does she survive a life like that and what can she do when it begins to unravel? I’ll be very interested to know if the readers will forgive her.

Q. Can you tell us about your writing practice?
A. Hmm, practice, of course, is the operative word here. You have to practice if you are going to turn out good work…or any work at all. To be honest, I have to say that my writing practice is sporadic. I have a busy family life and a lot of other things I like to do. I enjoy teaching my workshops and coaching other writers, I’m a passionate gardener, I love to sail, I’m involved in community service, I love to travel and my friends and extended family are spread around the world. But I’m not happy for long if I’m not writing. What works best for me is to write first thing in my day and the only place I really produce work is in my office. I spent many years beating myself up when I wasn’t writing until I realized that for me there is an ebb and flow, and that returning to my practice is just a part of the process. And I’m always grateful when I do.

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